Since October 2, 2014, there is a Genocide being committed in Beni against the Nande people (YIRA) , under cover of a pseudo rebellion attributed to “alleged” ADF-NALU. Today, more than 2,000 people have been slaughtered with knives or firearms.
In their open letter addressed to the President of the DRC, the Civil Society, live Forces of Beni town, Butembo, Lubero and Beni Territoire already denounced:
– More than 1116 people (Nande) savagely killed between October 2014 and May 2016, an average of 60 people killed per month, or an average of 2 people killed per day;
– More than 1470 people abducted and missing;
– More than 1750 houses burned with, sometimes, people and calcined goods;
– At least 13 Health Centers burned sometimes with patients and nursing staff inside;
– More than 27 schools destroyed, others abandoned, others still occupied either by displaced persons, by dependents of the military, or by armed groups.
The months of October and November 2018 are marked by attacks.
On Saturday 20/10/2018 the neighborhoods Ngadi and Boikene of Beni recorded at least 12 people (we sometimes mention 14), while the next day, 21/10, it is still Paida who had one death. Three days later, on the 24th of October, Beni recorded a dead man and Oisha, three dead, with several others kidnapped, seven houses burned and two vehicles burned in the Bakaiko district;
On the 15/11, Oïcha still recorded 6 dead and 12 houses burned.
The last case does not date any further than this Sunday, December 21, 2018 when an incursion conducted in Cipriani, North District of the City of Beni by those who massacre the civilian population in the City and Territory who wear no to Beni caused the death of 5 people and the looting of the Bilingual Christian University in Congo, UCBC in acronym.
In the message made public at their last meeting from 20 to 22 November 2018, the Bishops of CENCO denounced the killing of more than 2,000 people. And since this meeting, other victims have been added.
2. THE INDICES OF AN EXTERNAL PLAN OF THE NORTH PEOPLE
2.1. Hate talk
These macabre facts have been preceded or followed by remarks that show that this is a plan that is being realized. When they are held by people who are in power, these words take a worrying look:
1. In 2013, before the start of the Beni massacres, Joseph Kabila confided in a dignitary of the Tanzanian regime in Dar-es-Salam whose identity we reserve to disclose out of respect: “We have a problem in the DRC with two tribes, the Baluba and the Nande. But the hardest and most cunning are the Nande. They are the ones who often block our plans. We will do everything to annihilate them. From there, we quickly understand why immediately in 2014, the doors were opened wide to unleash the massacres on the space of Beni-Lubero in general and in Beni in particular, this part of the country being the reference and the main fief of the people Nande targeted by this verdict.
2. Still discharging on the Nande deputies about the atrocities committed against civilians in Beni, Joseph Kabila also said: “The Democratic Republic of Congo can develop and go to elections without Kivu”. And to add to the place of the same Deputies: “In Senegal there is a conflict that has been years, it is Casamance. I can make North Kivu a Casamance, I have this power. What is happening in North Kivu in general and in Beni in particular is therefore wanted and knowingly orchestrated.
3. In a small meeting held with some ministers of state in Kingakati, Joseph Kabila openly pronounces: “I hate these Banande (that is to say the Nande people); they think they are the strongest because of their trade. I am able to make them poor. Such a word has more than confirmed on the ground. It is enough to note how the Beni-Lubero area is asphyxiated by the insecurity on the road sections (Butembo-Goma, Beni-Kasindi, Butembo-Kasindi, Beni-Bunia) massacres, thefts and kidnappings everywhere, in the countryside as in town, the burning of houses, etc.
All these facts are intended to reduce the population Nande de Beni-Lubero to the state of slavery and enslavement.
4. “I wonder why the Nande do not want to live with others, especially with people who come to their homes to search for arable land; and yet they are everywhere in the DRC, “insists Joseph Kabila at the Notables Nande in Kinshasa. This allegation is dangerously slanderous to the detriment of the Nande people. Because the reality shows that the city of Beni and all the space of Beni-Lubero have known since years a harmonious cohabitation of the inhabitants coming from all the corners of the country. Beni and Butembo are cosmopolitan cities. More than twenty different communities coexist in Butembo, even though the Nande are the majority. It is the same for all the cities of the DRC who generally know a more or less majority community. Hence, it is clear that the “others” to which Joseph Kabila refers are not more than the many immigrants whose transfer he made to Beni and Ituri for a mission of extermination and eviction of the natives, and which he disapproves of the denunciation by the victims who are aggrieved. Bringing the Nande all the negative attributes is clearly a policy of false demonization to justify the genocide against them.
5. Following the burning of his house in Musienene (in Nande territory) by an electrical short circuit, according to the spokesman of his Government, Monsier Lambere Mende, Joseph Kabila threatened the Nande community by stating: “Your children have burned my house in Musienene. And if I order people to attack your houses all over the DRC, will you say that I am the worst? Here again, we find a spotted feeling of xenophobia in the head of a high personality having the quality of guarantor of the institutions. President Kabila can not contain his grudge against the Nande people, whose extermination he wants.
6. “If you want the conflict (tragedy) of Beni to end, you must agree to live with others.” Understand that these “others” are by no means Congolese coming from other provinces or from other parts of the country – because they have already lived there harmoniously with the natives for several years – but they are foreign occupants, in this case Rwandan , who invade Beni-Lubero and Ituri with the support of Joseph Kabila’s power. Currently, it is known that the Rwandans who occupy Boga and Tshabi in Ituri and part of the Beni Territory are those who were expelled from Tanzania during President Kikwete’s time. All the politico-administrative authorities, the national defense apparatus and the security services are mobilized for their protections and their success in the areas envied by this plan of occupation.
Other comments were made by relatives of the Head of State
7. “You Nande, soon you will forget business, especially the business of gold. You will have the choice to do other things, in this case agriculture. This statement is from Zoe Kabila, a brother to Joseph Kabila, to young Nande traders trading gold he met in Dubai in 2013.
8. Recently, it was the wife of the head of state Olive Lembe who, through the networks, attacked the Nande, on the pretext that they burned her husband’s house. On the one hand, the fire of this house does not result from a community decision for a whole community to be held responsible. On the other hand, how many Nande peasants have also seen their house burned by these “alleged” ADF-NALU in the service of the genocidaires of the Nande people, without any lesser denunciation.
9. On December 26, 2018, the Nande community in Butembo and Beni were excluded by the CENI from participating in presidential, legislative and provincial elections postponed until December 30, 2018, under the pretext of the threat of the ADF, which massacred the population, and the Ebola Virus Disease as if within a week the situation had dramatically changed.
All in all, the real culprit of the Beni massacres is, of course, the power in place, in its quality not only of principal sponsor but also and especially of sponsor. How, indeed, can the means of the State be granted to an army that kills the population?
2.2. The complicity of some FARDC elements
Various reports from both the GEC and those of the UN have always shown the involvement of certain elements of the regular army, in particular the elements of the former CNDP and former M23; This only confirmed the suspicions of the people about the complicity of those who hold power. Sometimes bogus trials were organized and the suspects were only named as witnesses.
Such involvement of the regular forces can not be done outside a well-thought and well-known plan of the rulers in order to destroy the people (YIRA) Nande.
The FARDC do not prevent the murderers from achieving their goals. On the contrary, they give them positions, land, equipment and transform themselves into ADF to loot and kill in neighborhoods abandoned by the population, as we see these days in the urban commune of Ruwenzori, in city of Beni.
3. The qualification of genocide
According to article 6 of the Rome Statute instituting the ICC, “the crime of genocide means any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnic group , racial or religious, as such:
a) Killing members of the group;
(b) Serious physical or mental harm to members of the group;
c) Intentional submission of the group to conditions of existence that must result in total or partial physical destruction;
(d) Measures to prevent births within the group;
e) Forcibly transferring children from the group to another group.
The ICTR has shown that it is not necessary for the extermination to be complete for the genocide to be consumed, the beginning of execution of a plan is sufficient, even already with the first case. ”
In their Denunciation of the massacres of Beni addressed to His Excellency the Secretary-General of the United Nations on October 12, 2016, the Forces vivives / Civil Society of Butembo already warned in these terms:
“Despite the massive presence of the armed forces of the DRC and MONUSCO, not to mention the intervention brigade, despite the duplication of the command of the operation” Usalama “, the situation went from bad to worse and the victims are more and more numerous. What is more shocking is that numerous reports, including that of the experts of the United Nations and that of the Study Group on Congo (GEC) have implicated elements of the armed forces of the DRC in these massacres, while the speech of the Congolese officials is content to repeat to accuse “alleged ADF-NALU”. The immediate consequences of this genocide are disastrous: growing insecurity, declining agricultural activity following the abandonment of fields by farmers, food insecurity, asphyxiation of economic activity and trade due to insecurity on the roads, mass displacement of civilians, school drop-out, destruction of health facilities, etc. ; in short, killers use famine against civilian populations, which is contrary to international humanitarian law. ”
The Bishops of the Ecclesiastical Province of Bukavu also denounced this genocide. Already in their message, “Put your house in order”, given in Kindu on May 29, 2016, the Provincial Episcopal Assembly of Bukavu expressed its concerns: “Every day killers imagine and implement practices of more more cruel … As in a jungle, these villains burn the villages with impunity, causing the massive displacement of populations to cities where they are doomed to starvation and misery. Criminals brutally kill with machetes, knives, or axes; some of their victims have their throats cut, the arms of many children are mutilated, pregnant women disemboweled and entire families decimated. These are genocidal acts, war crimes and crimes against humanity. ”
Massacres are attacks not only on integrity but on life.
Massacres force forced displacement to alienate their territory, which constitutes a forced transfer of civilian populations.
The persecution against the Nande populations (insecurity that makes agriculture and commerce impossible, the extraordinary tax burden to stifle trade) are facts that subject the Nande to living conditions that would lead to their destruction as an ethnic group.
We can not therefore ask for anything less than the condemnation of the authors, intellectuals and material of this forgotten genocide. Those who have power and who remain silent may be seen as complicit in their failure to assist an endangered ethnic group.